War by the Agreement presents a new theory on the ethics of war. It shows that wars can be morally justified at the ad bellum level (political decision to go to war) and at the bello level (their actual behavior by the army) by accepting a contractual representation of the rules of war. Therefore, the rules of war are anchored in a mutually beneficial and equitable agreement between the actors concerned, the aim of which is to promote peace and reduce the horrors of war. The book builds on the long tradition of the social contract and illustrates its fruitfulness in understanding and developing morality and martial law. This title is available as an e-book. To buy, visit your favorite e-book provider. Uchenna Okeja, Senior Lecturer, Department of Philosophy, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa Available at Oxford Scholarship Online – see abstracts and keywords at the book and chapter level. Daniel Statman is Director of the Department of Philosophy at the University of Haifa and former President of the Israeli Philosophical Association. He was a visiting scholar and professor at the Princeton Institute for Advanced Study, the University of Michigan and the Cardozo Law School. His specialties are ethics, political philosophy, moral psychology and Jewish philosophy. He is the author and publisher of numerous books and articles, including Moral Dilemmas (Rodopi 1995), Religion and Morals (Rodopi 1995), Moral Luck (SUNY 1993), Virtue Ethics (Edinburgh 1997) and State and Religion in Israel (Cambridge 2019). Kofi Abrefa Busia made this comment in 1962, barely five years after his country, Ghana, became independent. If, instead of “the emancipation of colonial rule,” we said “emancipation from the supremacy of African political elites,” Busia`s report on the challenge of Africa would retain all the urgency it expressed when it first expressed it nearly six decades ago.

How do we explain this situation? How can we explain the fact that Africa`s challenges continued in the 1950s and 1960s until the serthenerte years? I think we need to look for the answer to this question in the area of political failure that defines the experience of post-colonial Africa. In this presentation, I will try to demonstrate this point and propose a sketch of an African political philosophy that responds correctly to the problem. I will start with a report on the phenomenon of political failure and show the meaning in which its recalcitrant character is a requirement to articulation a new African political philosophy.