(ii) to be a member of the union or to have carried out legitimate acts of a union; (a) for a part-time worker whose job description and responsibility match those of ordinary workers in the same place of activity; who signed an employment contract without a certain period of time; and whose description and allocation of the workstation may be changed in the same area as that of ordinary workers, the employer cannot, in light of the practice of that place of activity and other circumstances, discriminate in relation to wages, education, training, the use of social services and other activities related to part-time work for the duration of the part-time period. A system has been put in place for some highly professional workers (the highly professional workers` scheme) and workers who meet an annual income requirement and provide services requiring expertise and skills (which are defined in a ministry regulation) are exempt from the rules on working hours, break periods , days off and working at night (including overtime pay). However, this system will be conditional on the implementation of certain health security measures by the employer, such as the granting of .B at least 104 calendar days per year, the approval of that worker and the adoption of a decision by the Employment Services Committee. If a certain employment clause is repeatedly and continuously applied for an extended period of time, it is possible that this clause will be included in the employment contract on the basis of tacit agreement and general practices or practices. After the suicide of Matsuri Takahashi, 24, on the first day of Christmas 2015, reforms in Japanese labour policy were put forward.  Takahashi was an employee of Dentsu, Japan`s leading advertising agency, and he worked more than 100 hours in the months leading up to his death – his death was headed as Karshi.  Any employment contract may set a trial period at the beginning of the employment contract. The probation period is not limited by law. Its renewal is not prohibited by law.
However, protection against dismissal is provided. After the first 14 days of the trial period, the employer is legally required to take into account the normal 30-day notice in the event of dismissal (Article 21 LSL). According to the Court`s judgments, the employer`s freedom to dismiss is only extended during the probationary period. The two main sources of labour law are the Labour Standards Act (ASA) and its regulations, both of which contain minimum standards for the terms of employment contracts.