THE WTO agreements, negotiated and signed by the mass of world trading nations, are at the heart of the organization. The aim is to assist producers of goods and services, exporters and importers in their commercial activities. The WTO`s primary objective is to support smooth, fair and predictable trade. Through these agreements, WTO members are establishing a non-discriminatory trading system that defines their rights and obligations. Each member is guaranteed that its exports to other member markets will be treated fairly and consistently. Everyone promises to do the same for imports in their own market. The system also provides developing countries with some flexibility in implementing their commitments. In addition, WTO members have defined dispute resolution procedures resulting from violations of trade rules. So there is a multilateral dispute settlement system. The WTO agreement also allows governments to take appropriate measures to combat dumping. The General Agreement on Trade in Services was created to extend the multilateral trading system to the services sector, just as the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) provided for such a system for trade in goods. The agreement came into force in January 1995. The WTO organises hundreds of technical cooperation missions in developing countries each year.

In addition, there are numerous trade policy courses for government officials in Geneva every year. Regional seminars are held regularly in all regions of the world, with a focus on African countries. E-learning courses are also offered. In 2017, some 18,500 participants received WTO training to better understand WTO agreements and global trade rules. THE GATT remains a WTO framework agreement for merchandise trade, updated following the Uruguay Round negotiations (distinction between the 1994 GATT, the updated GATT parts, and the 1947 GATT, the initial agreement that remains the heart of the 1994 GATT). [29] However, the 1994 GATT is not the only legally binding agreement contained in the final deed in Marrakech; a long list of some 60 agreements, annexes, decisions and agreements has been adopted. The agreements are divided into six main parts: on 1 January 2003, the textile and clothing sector will be integrated into the GATT, with MfA restrictions removed. The GATT aims to reduce agricultural aid and export aid in industrialized countries. The agreement stipulates that all countries must reduce the total support levies if they exceed 17 .c of the total value of agricultural products, but more than 10% .c for developing countries. The value and volume of direct export subsidies must .c 36.c and 21% respectively for developed countries over six years. A country wishing to join the WTO submits a request to the General Council and must describe all aspects of its trade and economic policy that affect WTO agreements. [95] The application is submitted to the WTO as part of a memorandum reviewed by a working group open to all interested WTO members.

[96] The WTO is implementing specific aid programmes for developing countries by helping them develop their free trade capacities with more developed countries. It also grants concessions under certain agreements to low-development countries to facilitate them in free trade with other countries. Countries argue disputes in the WTO if they feel their rights are being violated by the agreements.