One of the central objectives of the Treaty of Amsterdam was to make the EU an area of freedom, security and justice. It aimed to achieve this by granting the European Commission the right of initiative, i.e. the right to draw up proposals to develop other EU legislation and institutions. It has integrated the Schengen agreements within the framework of the EU. It also provided for a number of follow-up measures, including the development of mutual recognition of criminal judicial decisions, the development of a comprehensive migration, asylum and refugee strategy. The Treaty of Amsterdam, on the other hand, produced, at the Extraordinary European Council in Tampere in October 1999, the construction of institutions for the fulfilment of these new tasks. In Tampere, EU Member States agreed to formalise the creation of a European Europol investigative organisation and a complementary Eurojust institution to improve coordination between Member States` judicial and judicial authorities in cross-border investigations and prosecutions. [16] The EU has also encouraged joint training of law enforcement in a European Police College (CEPOL) and the creation of a joint peacekeeping force called the European Rapid Reaction Force. With Tampere, the EU has created institutions whose sole purpose was to deal with cross-border criminal threats. Until 25 June 2003, the United States and the EU had signed mutual legal aid and extradition agreements that were a victory for both sides. On the one hand, the EU has reached an American agreement to treat the EU as a bilateral partner capable of negotiating on behalf of all its member states, whereas the Us had previously insisted on individual bilateral agreements with individual countries. On the other hand, the United States has secured the EU agreement on the establishment of joint investigative teams, the use of video technology for witnessing and the provision of information on the bank accounts of criminal and terrorist suspects previously protected by EU law. The United States has also secured EU approval to allow the use of the new agreements to complement existing agreements rather than replace them.

Thus, each party would have the right to choose the agreement that was most useful to them in order to obtain the support it wanted. The result has been a win-win situation and recent evidence that reports on the divergence of transatlantic interests are already premature. The five-year agreements run until September 2024 and provide for wage increases of 10 to 16 per cent on average, increases of 401 (k) contributions, work protection that goes beyond the life of agreements and reductions in employee contributions to health insurance premiums.